High in both essential fatty acids: alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), the parent compound of the omega-3 family and linoleic acid (LA), the parent compound of the omega-6 family (Ozcan M. 2002; Grajzer et al, 2015). As their name suggests, these fatty acids are essential to skin structure and function as they are incorporated into dermal and epidermal cell membranes (Ziboh et al, 2002; Kendall et al, 2015). Specifically, omega-3 essential fatty acids are linked to protection against UV induced photo-damage (Kim et al, 2006; Jin et al, 2010; Latreille et al, 2013; reviewed in Nicolaou et al, 2011). Omega-6 essential fatty acids are integral to epidermal barrier function regulating skin’s hydration and elasticity (Elias et al, 1980; reviewed in McCusker and Grant-Kels 2010; Nicolaou et al, 2011).
Neither LA nor ALA can be naturally synthesized in our bodies, they can only be obtained from outside sources.
Rich in all-trans-retinoic acid (at-RA) (Concha et al, 2006). At-RA is a bioactive form of Vitamin A, and one of the most extensively studied retinoids for its role in both epidermal and dermal cell function. Topical application of at-RA has been shown to affect cell turnover and collagen production which results in improvement of fine lines and hyper pigmentation of damaged skin (Fisher et al, 1998; reviewed in Keller and Fenske 1998, and Ortonne JP. 2006; Darlenski et al, 2010).
Rich in carotenoids, the strongly colored red-orange pigment that gives this oil its color (Grajzer et al, 2015). Carotenoids are a class of antioxidants that inhibit free radical damage in the epidermis and thus play a role as photo-protective agents (reviewed in Evans and Johnson 2010).
The content of this page is under copyright protection and may not be reproduced in any format without the expressed written authorization of RAW IS EVERYTHING LLC.